Grain Boundary Healing of Organic-Inorganic Halide Perovskites for Moisture Stability

Do Hyung Chun, Sungsoon Kim, Sung Uk Chai, Wook Kim, Wanjung Kim, Jung Hwan Lee, Ryan Rhee, Dukhyun Choi, Jung Kyu Kim, Hyunjung Shin, Jong Hyeok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Although organic-inorganic halide perovskite (OIHP)-based photovoltaics have high photoconversion efficiency (PCE), their poor humidity stability prevents commercialization. To overcome this critical hurdle, focusing on the grain boundary (GB) of OIHPs, which is the main humidity penetration channel, is crucial. Herein, pressure-induced crystallization of OIHP films prepared with controlled mold geometries is demonstrated as a GB-healing technique to obtain high moisture stability. When exposed to 85% RH at 30 °C, OIHP films fabricated by pressure-induced crystallization have enhanced moisture stability due to the enlarged OIHP grain size and low-angle GBs. The crystallographic and optical properties indicate the effect of applying pressure onto OIHP films in terms of moisture stability. The photovoltaic devices with pressure-induced crystallization exhibited dramatically stabilized performance and sustained over 0.95 normalized PCE after 200 h at 40% RH and 30 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6498-6505
Number of pages8
JournalNano letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 11

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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