Genomic profiling of the residual disease of advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Yong J. Lee, Dachan Kim, Jung E. Shim, Su Jin Bae, Yu Jin Jung, Sora Kim, Hanna Lee, So H. Kim, Su B. Jo, Jung Yun Lee, Hyun Soo Kim, Soonmyung Paik

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of our study was to demonstrate the spectrum of genomic alterations present in the residual disease of patients with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), including matched pretreatment biopsies. During the study period between 2006 and 2017, we collected pre-NAC and post-NAC tumor tissue samples from patients with advanced HGSOC. We performed combined next-generation sequencing and immunohistochemistry to identify actionable targets and pathway activation in post-NAC residual tumors. We also examined whether post-NAC profiling of residual HGSOC identified targetable molecular lesions in the chemotherapy-resistant component of tumors. Among 102 post-NAC samples, 41 (40%) of patients had mutations in homologous recombination repair (HRR) genes (HRR deficiency). Patients with HRR mutations had higher tumor mutation burdens (p < 0.001) and higher alterations in the PI3K–AKT–mTOR pathway (p = 0.004) than patients without these HRR mutations. Nevertheless, we found no significant differences in progression-free survival (p = 0.662) and overall survival (OS; p = 0.828) between the two groups. Most patients (91%) had alterations in at least one of the targetable pathways, and those patients with cell cycle (p = 0.004) and PI3K–AKT–mTOR signaling (p = 0.005) pathway alterations had poorer OS (Bonferroni-corrected threshold = 0.0083, 0.05/6). We showed the genomic landscape of tumor cells remaining in advanced HGSOC after NAC. Once validated, these data can help inform biomarker-driven adjuvant studies in targeting residual tumors to improve the outcomes of patients with advanced HGSOC after NAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1851-1861
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume146
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 UICC

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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