We have investigated the generation of pretilt angle for a nematic liquid crystal (NLC) with rubbing alignment method on polyimide (PI) surfaces using thin plastic substrates. The NLC pretilt angles generated are about 3° by the rubbing alignment method on thin plastic substrates. However, the pretilt angles are at about 1.7° lower on the glass substrate than on thin plastic substrate. We obtain that AFM (atomic force microscope) image of rubbed PI surface with polymer film has formed the micro-groove structure at the low curring temperature (720°C). However, no grooves are obtained on the glass substrate at the same temperature. The tilt angle increases with increasing baking temperature for making PI layer using glass substrate. Also, EO characteristics of the TN-LCD with a rubbed PI surface based on polymer are almost the same as that of the TN-LCD with a rubbed PI surface based on glass. However, the transmittances of the TN-LCD with a rubbed PI surface based on polymer is less than that with a rubbed PI surface based on glass.
|Published - 2004
|9th International Conference on Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals, FLC 2003 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 2003 Aug 24 → 2003 Aug 29
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Research Laboratory program (M1-0203-00-0008).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics