Gene polymorphism association studies in cluster headache: A field synopsis and systematic meta-analyses

Sarah Cargnin, Grazia Sances, Jae Il Shin, Cristina Tassorelli, Salvatore Terrazzino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A plethora of studies have attempted to identify genetic determinants of disease susceptibility and treatment response of patients with cluster headache (CH), but results are often conflicting, and no comprehensive overview with a quantitative summary of the evidence in this field is available. Methods: A systematic search of relevant publications was performed without any language restrictions on PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, and OpenGrey, up to December 2020. A standardized data extraction form was used to collect relevant data from each included study. Meta-analyses were conducted for gene polymorphisms investigated in at least two studies and the Bayesian false discovery probability (BFDP) test was applied to the pooled odds ratios (ORs) to assess the credibility of the observed associations. Results: Among the 27 articles identified by the systematic review, 17 studies evaluating 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were included in the quantitative data analysis. The pooled results showed no significant association with CH risk of 10 SNPs, including five SNPs of HCRTR2 (rs2653349, rs2653342, rs3122156, rs10498801, and rs3800539), two SNPs of ADH4 (rs1800759 and rs1126671), CLOCK rs1801260, and two SNPs (rs1006417 and ADCYAP1R1 rs12668955) previously identified by a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Conversely, the pooled results revealed the association of the HCRTR2 rs9357855 A allele with a higher risk of CH (A vs. G, OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04–1.72, p = 0.026), and of GNB3 rs5443 with a higher response rate of patients with CH to triptan drugs (CT+TT vs. CC, OR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.04–3.72, p = 0.038). However, assuming a prior probability of 0.001, the respective BFDP values being higher than 0.8 (BFDPrs9357855 = 0.998; BFDPrs5443 = 0.998) revealed lack of noteworthy results. Conclusions: Well-designed GWASs and large replication studies are still needed to identify reliable genetic variants of disease susceptibility and treatment response of patients with CH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1076
Number of pages17
JournalHeadache
Volume61
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Headache Society

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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