Porcine-specific obstacles in islet isolation frequently result from the low purity or contamination with exocrine tissues. We implemented a new technique involving as capsulation of islets with excess exocrine tissue as a beneficial material to address those difficulties. Pig islets were hand-picked as high purity (HI) or low purity (LO) islets containing significant amounts of exocrine tissue. We performed static (ST) or shaking (SK) cultures of HI and LO islets. Islet function was examined after 24 hours by a glucose challenge test. Insulin secretion into the culture media was continuously measured using ELISA during a 6-day culture period. Islet function after 24 hours exhibited better maintenance under SK than ST culture as assessed by a stimulation index. The ideal islet morphology was seen in LO islets at 3 days of SK culture with typical islet shapes of a smooth surface and a spherical configuration. In contrast, typical islet morphology was not observed in HI islets under SK culture; maintenance of typical spherical appearances was difficult. Insulin secretion from LO islets under SK culture was higher than under other conditions during the 6-day period. Under SK culture conditions, exocrine-encapsulated LO islets showed enhanced islet function by condensing loose islet aggregates into firm spheroids with native exocrine tissues as a natural scaffold.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2009 Jan
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by a grant (No. A080058) of the Korean Healthcare Technology R & D Project, Ministry of Health Welfare & Family Affairs, Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes