In islet transplantation, encapsulation of immunoisolated islets may provide a way to protect the graft from immune attacks with no immunosuppression. To develop an immunodelusive immunoisolated bioartificial pancreas (BAP), chondrocyte sheets were prepared by cell sheet engineering. We made an immunoisolated BAP encapsulated with rodent-derived chondrocyte sheets and then evaluated its function. Sprague-Dawley rats were used as the source of auricular cartilage and chondrocytes were maintained and expanded by passages. Lewis rats were prepared for islet isolation. A 3-dimensional chondrocyte sheeting immunodelusive immunoisolated BAP (CSI-BAP) was created by multi-layering and unifying the chondrocyte sheets. Subsequently, islets were embedded between each multi-layer sheet. To evaluate the function of the CSI-BAP, a glucose challenge test was performed and secretion of insulin in the culture medium was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. When observed by phase-contrast microscopy, the CSI-BAP maintained close connections between chondrocyte sheets. Islets in the CSI-BAP maintained viability at day 10 and showed good insulin secretion, as revealed by a prompt reaction to increased concentrations of glucose at days 5 and 10. In long-term culture, the CSI-BAP maintained its ability to secrete insulin for 8 weeks. This BAP technology could be an important tool for successful islet transplantation without immunosuppressive drugs.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2010
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