Fully-customized distraction assembly for maxillofacial distraction osteogenesis: a novel device and its experimental accuracy verification

Sang Hoon Kang, Hye Jin Tak, Ha Won Park, Jin Ung Kim, Sang Hwy Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: A new distraction osteogenesis assembly system comprising a fully customized CAD/CAM-based fixation unit and ready-made distraction unit was developed. The aim of this study was to introduce our new distraction system and to evaluate its accuracy level in a sampled mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Methods: Our system consists of a fully customized CAD/CAM-based fixation plate unit with two plates for each moving and anchoring part, and a ready-made distraction unit with attachment slots for fixation plates. The experimental distractions were performed on 3D-printed mandibles for one control and two experimental groups (N = 10 for each group). All groups had reference bars on the chin region and teeth to measure distraction accuracy. The control group had the classical ready-made distraction system, and experimental groups 1 and 2 were fitted with our new distraction assembly using a different distractor-positioning guide design. All distracted experimental mandibles were scanned by CT imaging, then superimposed on a 3D simulation to get their discrepancy levels. Results: The measured 3D distances between the reference landmarks of the surgical simulations and the experimental surgeries for the three groups were significantly different (p < 0.0001) by statistical analysis. The errors were greater in the control group (with a total average of 19.18 ± 3.73 mm in 3D distance between the simulated and actual reference points) than those in the two experimental groups (with an average of 3.68 ± 1.41 mm for group 1 and 3.07 ± 1.39 mm for group 2). The customized distraction assembly with 3D-printed bone plate units in group 1 and 2, however, did not show any significant differences between simulated and actual distances (p > 0.999). Conclusion: Our newly-developed distraction assembly system with CAD/CAM plate for the distraction osteogenesis of the mandible produced a greater level of accuracy than that of a conventional distraction device. The system appears to address existing shortcomings of conventional distraction devices, including inaccuracy in vector-controlled movement of the system. However, it also needs to be further developed to address the requirements and anatomical characteristics of specific regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalHead and Face Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the Korea Health Technology R&D Project, funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number HI20C0127) for S.-H. Lee.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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