Formation of midgap states and ferromagnetism in semiconducting CaB6

B. K. Cho, Jong Soo Rhyee, B. H. Oh, M. H. Jung, H. C. Kim, Y. K. Yoon, Jae Hoon Kim, T. Ekino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


We present a consistent overall picture of the electronic structure and ferromagnetic interaction in CaB6, based on our joint transport, optical, and tunneling measurements on high-quality defect-controlled single crystals. Pure CaB6 single crystals, synthesized with 99.9999% pure boron, exhibited fully semiconducting characteristics, such as monotonic resistance for 2-300 K, a tunneling conductance gap, and an optical absorption threshold at 1.0 eV. Boron-related defects formed in CaB6 single crystals synthesized with 99.9% pure boron induced midgap states 0.18 eV below the conduction band and extra free charge carriers, with the transport, optical, and tunneling properties substantially modified. Remarkably, no ferromagnetic signals were detected from single crystals made with 99.9999% pure boron, regardless of stoichiometry, whereas those made with 99.9% boron exhibited ferromagnetism within a finite range of carrier density. The possible surmise between the electronic state and magnetization will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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