The diffusion of Ge in Ge-rich layer (GRL) and the factors affecting on it during the oxidation of strained Si1-xGex layers were examined. Strained Si1-xGex layers, having different initial Ge concentrations (x=0.15 and 0.3), were oxidized at 800 and 900°C in a dry O2 ambient for different oxidation times. The diffusion of Ge into the underlying Si1-xGex layer having an initial constant composition and the resulting transformation to GRL were both enhanced with an increase in oxidation temperature. After complete transformation to GRL, GeO2 started to become incorporated into the resulting oxide layer. The formation of GeO2 was initiated by the Ge saturation of the GRL layer with Ge and by the differences in diffusivity of Ge atoms in Si 1-xGex and Si substrate. The relaxation occurred when the Ge concentration in the GRL reached a critical value and was not affected by either oxidation time or temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy