Focal lymphocytic thyroiditis nodules share the features of papillary thyroid cancer on ultrasound

Sena Hwang, Dong Yeob Shin, Eun Kyung Kim, Woo Ick Yang, Jung Woo Byun, Su Jin Lee, Gyuri Kim, Soo Jung Im, Eun Jig Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: It is often difficult to discriminate focal lymphocytic thyroiditis (FLT) or adenomatous hyperplasia (AH) from thyroid cancer if they both have suspicious ultrasound (US) findings. We aimed to make a predictive model of FLT from papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in suspicious nodules with benign cytologic results. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 214 patients who had undergone fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and had shown thyroid nodules with suspicious US features. PTC was confirmed by surgical pathology. FLT and AH were confirmed through more than two separate FNABs. Clinical and biochemical findings, as well as US features, were evaluated. Results: Of 214 patients, 100 patients were diagnosed with PTC, 55 patients with FLT, and 59 patients with AH. The proportion of elevated thyrotropin (TSH) levels (p=0.014) and thyroglobulin antibody (Tg-Ab) or thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab) positivity (p<0.001) in the FLT group was significantly higher than that in the PTC group. Regarding US features, absence of calcification (p=0.006) and “diffuse thyroid disease” (DTD) pattern on US (p<0.001) were frequently seen in the FLT group. On multivariate analysis, Tg-Ab positivity, presence of a DTD pattern on US, and absence of calcification in nodules were associated with FLT with the best specificity of 99% and positive predictive value of 96%. In contrast, a taller than wide shape of nodules was the only variable significant for differentiating AH from PTC. Conclusion: Suspicious thyroid nodules with cytologic benign results could be followed up with US rather than repeat FNAB, if patients exhibit Tg-Ab positivity, no calcifications in nodules, and a DTD pattern on US.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1338-1344
Number of pages7
JournalYonsei medical journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Yonsei University College of Medicine 2015.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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