Poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-HFP) nanocomposites were prepared with fluorinated barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles. BaTiO3 nanoparticles was treated with 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid in Novec-7500 and the modified surface characteristics of the nanoparticles showed good solubility in the fluorous solvent and fluorous polymer. The optimized fluorinated BaTiO3 condition had explored by controlling temperature and ligand ratio. The prepared nanocomposite through fluorinated nanoparticles were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, impedance spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy in order to investigate their structural and electrical properties. Root mean square roughness of nanocomposites was increased only 0.48 nm after adding 20 vol.% of fluorinated BaTiO3 nanoparticles. Also, dielectric constant of nanocomposite was predicted and agreed well with experimental data through the modified Kerner model. Dielectric constant of PVdF-HFP nanocomposite was increased about 15 thorough an addition of 20 vol.% of fluorinated BaTiO3 nanoparticles. The application of near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy of PVdF-HFP/fluorinated BaTiO3 nanocomposites was presented.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant (#10041220) from the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Republic of Korea. This work was supported by the Human Resources Development program (No. 20144030200560) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP). This program is funded by Korea Government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry