Flexible contact force sensing device using metal/polymer multilayer structure for robotic applications

Eun Soo Hwang, Young Ro Yoon, Hyung Ro Yoon, Tae Min Shin, Yong Jun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we propose and demonstrate novel flexible contact force sensing devices for 3-dimensional force measurement. To realize the sensor, polyimide and polydimethylsiloxane are used as a substrate, which makes it flexible. Thin-film metal strain gauges, which are incorporated into the polymer, are used for measuring the three-dimensional contact forces. The force sensor characteristics are evaluated against normal and shear loads. The fabricated force sensor can measure normal loads of up to 4 N. The sensor output signals are saturated against loads over 4 N. Shear loads can be detected by voltage drops in the strain gauges. The device has no fragile structures; therefore, it can be used as a ground reaction force sensor for balance control in humanoid robots. Four force sensors are assembled and placed in the four corners of a robot's sole. By increasing the bump dimensions, the force sensor can measure loads of up to 20 N. When loads are exerted on the sole, the ground reaction force can be measured by these four sensors. The measured forces can be used in the balance control of biped locomotion systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-69
Number of pages15
JournalSensors and Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation


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