"Flapless implantology" - Möglichkeiten und grenzen

Translated title of the contribution: Flapless implantology - Possibilities and limitations

Byung Ho Choi, Wilfried Engelke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


With the advancement of implant surface processing technology, current implants offer considerably enhanced osseointegration abilities. Using modern radiographic technology, precision of implant site preparation has recently been improved significantly. Now is the time to shift to minimally invasive implant surgery to provide more predictable results, function, esthetics, and comfort. When implants are placed without flap elevation, there is little scar formation in the soft tissue adjacent to the implants, an increase in blood vessels of the peri-implant mucosa, a reduction in the sulcus depth around the implants, and a reduction in peri-implant bone loss. This procedure also improves esthetic results by maintaining the original form and thickness of the mucosa surrounding the implants. One major limitation of this surgery is the lack of visibility of hard tissue contours during the procedure. The present article outlines the surgical procedure and describes how to overcome the limitations of flapless implantation. It also describes how the procedure can be used in challenging cases and difficult bone sites. Visualization of closed surgical sites, in particular of subgingival spaces and internal bone structures, using endoscopic procedures may contribute to the further enhancement of flapless implantology.

Translated title of the contributionFlapless implantology - Possibilities and limitations
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)139-152
Number of pages14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Flapless implantology - Possibilities and limitations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this