Few-Shot Continuous Authentication for Mobile-Based Biometrics

Kensuke Wagata, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The rapid growth of smartphone financial services raises the need for secure mobile authentication. Continuous authentication is a user-friendly way to strengthen the security of smartphones by implicitly monitoring a user’s identity through sessions. Mobile continuous authentication can be viewed as an anomaly detection problem in which models discriminate between one genuine user and the rest of the impostors (anomalies). In practice, complete impostor profiles are hardly available due to the time and monetary cost, while leveraging genuine data alone yields poorly generalized models due to the lack of knowledge about impostors. To address this challenge, we recast continuous mobile authentication as a few-shot anomaly detection problem, aiming to enhance the inference robustness of unseen impostors by using partial knowledge of available impostor profiles. Specifically, we propose a novel deep learning-based model, namely a local feature pooling-based temporal convolution network (LFP-TCN), which directly models raw sequential mobile data, aggregating global and local feature information. In addition, we introduce a random pattern mixing augmentation to generate class-unconstrained impostor data for the training. The augmented pool enables characterizing various impostor patterns from limited impostor data. Finally, we demonstrate practical continuous authentication using score-level fusion, which prevents long-term dependency or increased model complexity due to extended re-authentication time. Experiments on two public benchmark datasets show the effectiveness of our method and its state-of-the-art performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10365
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (NO. NRF-2022R1A2C1010710).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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