Feedback-topology designs for interference alignment in MIMO interference channels

Sungyoon Cho, Kaibin Huang, Dong Ku Kim, Vincent K.N. Lau, Hyukjin Chae, Hanbyul Seo, Byoung Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Interference alignment (IA) is a joint-transmission technique for the interference channel that achieves the maximum degrees-of-freedom and provides linear scaling of the capacity with the number of users for high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Most prior work on IA is based on the impractical assumption that perfect and global channel-state information (CSI) is available at all transmitters. However, to implement IA, each receiver has to feed back CSI to all interferers, resulting in overwhelming feedback overhead. In particular, the sum feedback rate of each receiver scales quadratically with the number of users even if the feedback CSI is quantized. To substantially suppress feedback overhead, this paper focuses on designing efficient arrangements of feedback links, called feedback topologies, under the IA constraint. For the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) K-user interference channel, we propose the feedback topology that supports sequential CSI exchange (feedback and feedforward) between transmitters and receivers so as to achieve IA progressively. This feedback topology is shown to reduce the network feedback overhead from a quadratic function of K to a linear one. To reduce the delay in the sequential CSI exchange, an alternative feedback topology is designed for supporting two-hop feedback via a control station, which also achieves the linear feedback scaling with K. Next, given the proposed feedback topologies, the feedback-bit allocation algorithm is designed for allocating feedback bits by each receiver to different feedback links so as to regulate the residual interference caused by finite-rate feedback. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed bit allocation leads to significant throughput gains especially in strong interference environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6275502
Pages (from-to)6561-6575
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 24, 2011; revised May 02, 2012; accepted August 01, 2012. Date of publication August 20, 2012; date of current version November 20, 2012. The associate editor coordinating the review of this manuscript and approving it for publication was Dr. Josep Vidal. This work was supported by the Korea Communications Commission (KCC) under the R&D program supervised by the Korea Communications Agency (KCA) (KCA-2012-12-911-04-004). This work was presented in part at the IEEE VTC, Yokohama, Japan, May 2012 S. Cho, D. K. Kim, and H. Chae are with the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Korea (e-mail:;;

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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