Feasibility of preoperative video head impulse test to predict the nerve of origin in patients with vestibular schwannomas

Gi Sung Nam, Seong Hoon Bae, Hye Jeen Kim, Ji Woong Cho, In Seok Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vestibular schwannoma (VS) originates from Schwann cells in the superior or inferior vestibular nerve. Identifying the precise origin will help in determining the optimal surgical approach. We retrospectively analyzed the preoperative vestibular function test according to VS origin to determine whether the test is a valuable indicator of tumor origin. Forty-seven patients with VS (male:female = 18:29, mean age: 54.06 ± 13.50 years) underwent the cochleovestibular function test (pure-tone audiometry, caloric test, video head impulse test (vHIT), cervical and ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential, and posturography). All patients then underwent surgical removal of VS, and the schwannoma origin was confirmed. The tumor originated from the superior vestibular nerve (SVN group) in 21 patients, the inferior vestibular nerve (IVN group) in 26 patients, and an undetermined site in eight patients. The only value that differed significantly among the groups was the gain of the vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) in the ipsilesional posterior canal (iPC) during the vHIT. Our results indicate that VOR gain in the iPC may be used to predict the nerve origin in patients with VS. Other cochleovestibular function tests have limited value to discriminate nerve origins, especially in cases of medium to large VS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2677
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 2

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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