Factors for cecal intubation time during colonoscopy in women: Impact of surgical history

Ji Hyung Nam, Jung Hyeon Lee, Jae Hak Kim, Hyoun Woo Kang, Dong Kee Jang, Yun Jeong Lim, Moon Soo Koh, Hyun Soo Park, Eun Cheol Park, Jun Kyu Lee, Jin Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aim: Cecal intubation during colonoscopy is prone to be prolonged in women, which may be related to frequent exposure to pelvic/abdominal surgery. We evaluated the association between Cecal Intubation Time (CIT) and prior episodes of pelvic/abdominal surgery in women. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on screening participants who underwent colonoscopy. Multivariate regression with parameter estimates (β) was performed to determine the factors affecting CIT, including age, body mass index (BMI), bowel preparation, sedation, diverticulosis, experience of colonoscopists, and a surgical history. Also, subgroup analyses according to type of surgery were performed. Results: A total of 835 women were enrolled. The mean CIT was 5.82 ± 3.40 min. 323 females (38.7%) had episodes of surgery. The CIT was prolonged in cases performed by non-experienced trainees (β = 3.61, P< 0.001) and with a history of gynecological surgery (β = 0.97, P = 0.001). In the subgroup of non-experienced trainees, lower BMI, poor preparation, and a history of cesarean section significantly prolonged the CIT. Also, the risk for difficult colonoscopy (CIT ≥ 15 min) was increased with a history of cesarean section (odds ratio = 4.43, P= 0.024). Conclusion: A prior episode of gynecological surgery prolonged CIT. Also, cesarean section history was associated with difficult colonoscopy in the examination by non-experienced trainees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-383
Number of pages7
JournalSaudi Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology


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