Factors associated with mental health consultation in South Korea

Jieun Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Woorim Kim, Young Choi, Eun Cheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with the use of mental health consultation for depressive symptoms. Methods: We used data from the 2013 Community Health Survey, which included responses from 13,269 individuals who reported that they had experienced depressive symptoms for more than 2 weeks in Korea. We investigated associations between mental health consultation rates for depressive symptoms and sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and health-related factors. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the significance of associations. Results: Among participants who report depressive symptoms, 16.0% (n = 2120) undergo mental health consultation. Respondents with a college education or over are more likely to undergo mental health consultation (odds ratio (OR) = 1.49; 95% CI: 1.21-1.84) than respondents with less education. Individuals aged 70 years or above are less likely to receive mental health consultation than those aged between 19 and 29 years. Females exhibit higher mental health consultation rates than males. Respondents who are divorced show greater odds of receiving mental health consultation than respondents who are married and cohabitate with their spouse. Conclusions: This study indicates that rates of use of mental health consultation services are lower among older adults and men and higher among divorced people. Educational level shows a significant positive association with mental health consultation among Koreans. The results could have implications for mental health policy in many ways in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 22

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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