Factors Associated With Intimate Partner Violence Against Married Women in Nepal

Madhu Sudhan Atteraya, Shreejana Gnawali, In Han Song

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48 Citations (Scopus)


This study was to explore the factors associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nepal. A sample of 3,373 married women was taken from the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel logistic regression methods were used to analyze the data. The results show that 28.31% of the population experienced the IPV in the past year. The results indicate that female illiteracy, low economic status, violent family history, and a lack of decision-making autonomy were associated with IPV. Regarding family background, whether or not the husband was an alcoholic, the husband’s level of education, and a higher number of children were risk factors associated with IPV. At the community level, women most at risk of IPV were those living in the Terai region, and women belonging to underprivileged castes and ethnic groups. The findings suggest the need for context-specific policy formation and the need for the creation of the certain intervention programs designed to mitigate IPV in Nepal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1226-1246
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 14

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study used the 2011 Nepal NDHS (), a cross-sectional household sample survey of men and women between the ages of 15 and 49. The NDHS survey collected data every 5 years under the aegis of the Government of Nepal with financial support provided by the United Nations Agency for International Development (USAID). In this study, data from nationally representative sample were collected that included both rural and urban clusters as well as 13 domains obtained by cross-classification of three geographical regions (Mountain, Hill, and Terai) and five development regions (East, Central, West, Midwest, and Far-west region).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2014.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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