Facile loading of Cu(I) in MIL-100(Fe) through redox-active Fe(II) sites and remarkable propylene/propane separation performance

Ah Reum Kim, Tae Ung Yoon, Eun Jung Kim, Jung Woon Yoon, Seo Yul Kim, Ji Woong Yoon, Young Kyu Hwang, Jong San Chang, Youn Sang Bae

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70 Citations (Scopus)


A novel Cu(I) loading method, which includes the reduction of CuCl2 to CuCl without an external reducing agent and high-temperature calcination, was developed using the redox properties of coordinatively unsaturated Fe(II) sites in MIL-100(Fe). The successful loading of Cu(I) ions and their redox-couple reactions are supported by various methods such as TEM/EDS, XPS, PXRD, and ICP-AES techniques, as well as N2 adsorption isotherms at 77 K. Compared to Cu loaded into isostructural MIL-100(Al) devoid of redox active sites, Cu(I)-loaded MIL-100(Fe) exhibits higher C3H6/C3H8 selectivity and superior air stability. This indicates that the Fe(II) sites in MIL-100(Fe) act as antioxidants that protect the resultant Cu(I) species, as well as reducing agents for CuCl2. Remarkably, in the typical pressure-swing adsorption (PSA) range (1–5 bar), the Cu(I)-loaded MIL-100(Fe) exhibits a large C3H6 working capacity as well as very high C3H6/C3H8 selectivities that are superior to those of the benchmark adsorbents, zeolite-13X and HKUST-1. Moreover, this material is easily regenerated under mild conditions and exhibits good separation performance under dynamic mixed-flow conditions. This facile method for loading Cu(I) can be applied to other adsorbents containing redox-active sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-784
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to acknowledge the National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) grant by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. CRC-14-1-KRICT ). This work was also supported by In-house Research and Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) ( B7-2437-03 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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