We report the fabrication of a novel titania membrane of the dual-pore system that is strategically designed and prepared by a two-step replication process and sol-gel reaction. The primary nanoporous channel structure is fabricated by the cage-like PMMA template (CPT) obtained from the nanoporous alumina membrane and the secondary mesoporous structure is formed by the sol-gel reaction of the lyotropic precursor solution within the CPT. Furthermore the mesoporous titania membrane (MTM) frame consists of the titania nanoparticles of 10-12nm in diameter. Morphology and structural properties of the MTM are investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area. The photocatalytic activity and the solar energy properties of the MTM are characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer, spectrofluorometer and photoinduced I-V measurement. The photocatalytic test indicates that the MTM has higher efficiency than the commercial P25 with a good recyclability due to its large-scale membrane style and the preliminary result on the solar cell application shows a solar energy conversion efficiency of 3.35% for the dye-sensitized solar cell utilizing the MTM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Materials Science
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering