We study self-dual codes over a factor ring R=Fq[X]/(Xm−1) of length ℓ, equivalently, ℓ-quasi-cyclic self-dual codes of length mℓ over a finite field Fq, provided that the polynomial Xm−1 has exactly three distinct irreducible factors in Fq[X], where Fq is the finite field of order q. There are two types of the ring R depending on how the conjugation map acts on the minimal ideals of R. We show that every self-dual code over the ring R of the first type with length ≥6 has free rank ≥2. This implies that every ℓ-quasi-cyclic self-dual code of length mℓ≥6m over Fq can be obtained by the building-up construction, where m corresponds to the ring R of the first type. On the other hand, there exists a self-dual code of free rank ≤1 over the ring R of the second type. We explicitly determine the forms of generator matrices of all self-dual codes over R of free rank ≤1. For the case that m=7, we find 9828 binary 10-quasi-cyclic self-dual codes of length 70 with minimum weight 12, up to equivalence, which are constructed from self-dual codes over the ring R of the second type. These codes are all new codes. Furthermore, for the case that m=17, we find 1566 binary 4-quasi-cyclic self-dual codes of length 68 with minimum weight 12, up to equivalence, which are constructed from self-dual codes over the ring R of the first type.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Algebra and Number Theory
- General Engineering
- Applied Mathematics