Extracting influential factors for building energy consumption via data mining approaches

Jihoon Jang, Jinmog Han, Min Hwi Kim, Deuk Won Kim, Seung Bok Leigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To effectively analyze building energy, it is important to utilize the environmental data that influence building energy consumption. This study analyzed outdoor and indoor data collected from buildings to find out the conditions of rooms that had a significant effect on heating and cooling energy consumption. To examine the conditions of the rooms in each building, the energy consumption importance priority was derived using the Gini importance of the random forest algorithm on external and internal environmental data. The conditions that had a significant effect on energy consumption were analyzed to be: (i) conditions related to the building design—wall, floor, and window area ratio, the window‐to‐wall ratio (WWR), the window‐to‐floor area ratio (WFR), and the azimuth, and (ii) the internal conditions of the building—the illuminance, occupancy den-sity, plug load, and frequency of room utilization. The room conditions derived through analysis were considered in each sample, and the final influential building energy consumption factors were derived by using them in a decision tree as being the WFR, window area ratio, floor area ratio, wall area ratio, and frequency of use. Furthermore, four room types were classified by combining the room conditions obtained from the key factor classifications derived in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8505
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was sponsored by the Korean Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) of the Republic of Korea (No. 2018201060010A).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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