Expression of sarcosine metabolism-related proteins according to metastatic site in breast cancer

Yoon Jin Cha, Do Hee Kim, Woo Hee Jung, Ja Seung Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We aimed to evaluate the expression of sarcosine metabolism-related proteins according to site of metastatic breast cancer, and the clinical implications. Immunohistochemical staining for glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT), sarcosine dehydrogenase (SARDH), and l-pipecolic acid oxidase (PIPOX) was performed on tissue microarrays from 162 metastatic breast cancer (bone metastases = 47, brain metastases = 39, liver metastases = 24, and lung metastases = 52). Sarcosine metabolism-related proteins showed variable expression with regard to metastatic sites. GNMT was expressed in brain and lung metastases, but not in bone and liver metastases (P = 0.016). In view of the sarcosine metabolic phenotype, high sarcosine and intermediate type were only found in the brain and lung metastases, and low sarcosine type was observed more frequently in bone and lung metastases (P = 0.047). By univariate analysis, PIPOX positivity was correlated with shorter overall survival (OS) (P = 0.031). In lung metastases, PIPOX positivity (P = 0.019) and stromal PIPOX positivity (P = 0.001) were associated with shorter OS. In conclusion, in metastatic breast cancer, sarcosine metabolism-related proteins are differently expressed according to the metastatic site. Expression of GNMT and high sarcosine type are predominantly observed in brain and lung metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7824-7833
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology


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