Expatriate demographic characteristics and host country national support: an empirical investigation in Central/South America

Arup Varma, Young Jae Yoon, Fabian Jintae Froese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The support of host country nationals (HCNs) is critical for expatriate adjustment and performance. Drawing from social identity theory and self-categorization theory, this study investigates the antecedents of HCNs' support toward expatriates in Central/South America, focusing on cultural similarities and expatriate race. Design/methodology/approach: We conducted a quasi-experimental study to understand the antecedents that promote the willingness of HCNs to offer required support to expatriates. Data were gathered from 117 Latin American participants, who were asked to respond to questions about their perceptions of expatriates from the USA and their willingness to offer support to those expatriates. Findings: Overall, our findings suggest that HCNs are likely to provide support to expatriates when they perceive the expatriates as similar in terms of culture and race. Specifically, African Americans received more positive attitudes and support than White Americans in South/Central America. The effect of cultural similarity on HCN willingness to support expatriates was mediated by perceived trustworthiness. Originality/value: The present study extends the research on HCN support to expatriates, to Central/South America, an important region that has been under-studied in the expatriate–HCN context. Another novel feature of our study is that we investigate the role of expatriate race and cultural similarity and illuminate the underlying mechanism of the relationship between expatriate race and HCN support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-423
Number of pages17
JournalCross Cultural and Strategic Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Cultural Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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