Exergoeconomic optimization of liquid air production by use of liquefied natural gas cold energy

Jinwoo Park, Meng Qi, Jeongdong Kim, Wonjun Noh, Inkyu Lee, Il Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Exergoeconomic optimization of the production of liquid air by utilizing the cold energy of liquefied natural gas (LNG) was undertaken for the first time. LNG cold energy, which is generally wasted in commercial regasification, can potentially be harnessed to produce liquid air. By using an exergoeconomic approach, the optimal design for reducing the specific energy consumption in the production of liquid air was determined, affording a 7.45% reduction in the specific energy consumption. Thermodynamic analysis revealed that the specific energy consumption could be minimized by using the optimized portion of LNG cold energy. Economic study indicated that the optimized system also afforded a 4.61% reduction in the total cost. Beyond this, the effects of both increasing and decreasing the energy recovery operations were investigated, from which the most cost effective process flow was determined. In conclusion, the most cost effective strategy for reducing the specific energy consumption for liquid air production does not necessarily require using the largest proportion of LNG cold energy. This is because although adding equipment reduces the energy consumption, it also increases the total costs beyond an optimal point. These are important findings for advancing the effort to efficiently utilize LNG cold energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118193
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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