Examining factors contributing to the development of FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans

D. K. Yoon, George A. Youngs, Daiko Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires local governments to complete pre-disaster mitigation plans, approved by FEMA, in order to be eligible for certain types of federal funding. Even with this requirement in place, many local jurisdictions in the U.S. have yet to adopt a FEMA-approved multi-hazard mitigation plan. Consequently, the percentage of a state's population covered by such plans varies substantially from state to state. This study examined staff resources, financial resources, and disaster experience of local governments by state as factors contributing to the development of FEMA-Approved Hazard Mitigation Plans. Indicators of these measures were gleaned from multiple nationwide data sets and each measure's relative importance was assessed via multiple regression analysis. Two measures of staff resources failed to affect the likelihood of completing approved hazard mitigation plans, while one measure of financial resources (Pre- Disaster Mitigation planning dollars per capita by state) and one measure of disaster experience (number of Presidential Disaster Declaration incidents per capita by state) had significant effects on the percentage of a state's population covered by approved plans. Implications for promoting the development of local governments' hazard mitigation plans are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalJournal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Mitigation planning is a major component of emergency management. Mitigation planning, specifically compliance to the requirements of mitigation grant funding from the federal level, is an emergency management function. Research suggests that rates of compliance with hazard mitigation plan requirements may be low, even in communities where support for disaster-related policies is high, due to the lack of mitigation relevant capacities in that community (Alesch and Petak, 2001). The type of organizational capacity most pertinent to the development of FEMA-Approved Hazard Mitigation Plans would involve those local government resources that are either specifically assigned to or supportive of emergency management responsibilities. Thus, as noted earlier, the present study focuses on two major categories of emergency management related organizational capacity— staff resources and financial resources.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research


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