Evaluation on the behavior of abutmentpile connection in integral abutment bridge

Jin Hee Ahn, Ji Hyun Yoon, Jong Hak Kim, Sang Hyo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Integral abutment bridges can reduce the amount and cost of construction and maintenance work since they do not have expansion joints and shoes in order to increase stability and durability of the bridges' system. Integral abutment bridges normally have single-row H-pile systems to resist the behaviors under service loading conditions such as thermal loading. In order to transfer member forces between abutments and H-pile, the abutmentpile connection in the integral abutment bridge should have rigid behavior. Therefore, the installation of reinforcing bars and minimum installed length of the piles in the concrete abutment are required to resist bearing force and deformation caused by shear forces and bending moments. This study examines the abutmentpile connections in the integral abutment bridge to improve the shear and bearing resistance of concrete abutment and constructability of abutmentpile connections for the single-row H-pile system with weak axis. Three types of new abutmentpile connections are proposed in this study. They feature transverse reinforcing bars perforated in H-pile, stud connectors, and perfobond rib connectors on the flange of H-pile, respectively. They are intended to increase the stiffness and strength so that they will better resist the bearing force caused by deformations and rotations at abutment H-pile concrete. Loading tests and FE analysis were conducted to evaluate the stiffness and behaviors of proposed connections for half scale abutmentH-pile connection specimens. From the test results, proposed abutmentH-pile connections were evaluated to secure sufficient stiffness, rotational stiffness, and bearing strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1134-1148
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Brain Korea 21 program of Yonsei University’s Center for Future Infrastructure and by Construction Technology Innovation Program Smart Highway Project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs of Korean government.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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