Evaluation of xpert carba-R assay v.2 to detect carbapenemase genes in two hospitals in Korea

Jung Hyun Byun, Young Ah Kim, Milee Kim, Bomi Kim, Jun Yong Choi, Yoon Soo Park, Dongeun Yong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: As the spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae poses a critical threat to public health, rapid detection of carbapenemase genes is urgently required for prompt initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy and infection control. We evaluated the performance of Xpert Carba-R v.2 (Cepheid, USA) compared with that of culture-based conventional PCR. Methods: Using the results of 5,479 consecutive clinical rectal swabs, discrepant analysis (enriched culture followed by PCR) was performed for all discordant samples (N = 100), which were Carba-R v.2-positive and culture-negative. Results: Among the samples, 206 carbapenemase genes (3.6%) were detected by Carba-R v.2. The sensitivity and specificity were 95.0% and 98.1%, respectively. The positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 49.0% and 99.9%, respectively. Following discrepant analysis, the PPV increased to 73.5% and the low PPV (8.1%) of the 86 non-KPC improved to 48.8%. Among the 105 discrepancies, NDM was the most frequently observed (N = 56), followed by KPC (N = 26), VIM (N = 10), IMP (N = 8), OXA-48 (N = 5). The threshold cycle values between discordant vs. concordant and resolved groups were significantly different (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Carba-R v.2 is a rapid and sensitive method for detecting carbapenemase-encoding genes compared with culture-based conventional PCR. Most of our discrepant results were non-KPC genes. Thus, the clinical significance of the non-KPC positive cases detected by Carba-R v.2 should be investigated. This assay would be useful for deciding whether to isolate pre-exposed patients in hospital settings, based on the high specificity and NPV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of laboratory medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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