Evaluation of thermal/morphological performance of SSPCM based nanoclay: Influence of the interlayer microstructure of hydrophilic and hydrophobic

Jihee Nam, Sungwoong Yang, Beom Yeol Yun, Sumin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in construction energy consumption and indoor occupancy; this, in turn, has increased the demand for energy efficiency. Thermal energy storage is an effective method for energy saving and improving efficiency. In this study, improved shape-stabilized phase change materials (SSPCMs) for enhancing the energy efficiency of buildings were manufactured and evaluated. These SSPCMs were prepared via the vacuum impregnation of n-octadecane into bentonite nanoclay. Bentonite exhibits a layered tetrahedral and octahedral crystal structure with Na+ cations (which feature high cation exchange capacity) in the interlayer space. The Na+ ion is a hydrophilic ion that affects the properties of the interlayer. However, paraffin-PCMs are hydrophobic and have poor compatibility with water. Therefore, hydrophobicity is induced in the organic nanoclay by using an organic modifier as the PCM container. Cloisite Na+, Cloisite 15, Cloisite 20, and Cloisite 93 were used to fabricate the SSPCMs. This study compares the amount of PCM impregnated depending on the compatibility of different PCMs between hydrophilic/hydrophobic nanoclays and also evaluates the thermal performance. The observed reduction in peak temperature and the time lag effect of the PCMs confirmed that the organically modified nanoclay and the PCM composites significantly improved the amount of PCM impregnated, thermal conductivity, and latent heat characteristics. The latent heat of the hydrophobic organic nanoclay was 209% higher than that of the SSPCM-based hydrophilic nanoclay.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111479
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement(KAIA) grant funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (Grant 21CTAP-C163777-01 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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