Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of NVP-1203 and aceclofenac in patients with acute low back pain and muscle spasm: A randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel, multicenter, phase 3 clinical trial

S. Lee, H. J. Kim, J. H. Kim, T. K. Kim, C. N. Kang, J. H. Lee, J. H. Cho, S. H. Kim, S. H. Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Acute low back pain (LBP) is a common condition that can be chronic if not properly treated. Aceclofenac and eperisone hydrochloride are commonly prescribed drugs for acute LBP and muscle spasms. Therefore, NVP-1203, a fixed-dose combination of 100 mg aceclofenac and 75 mg eperisone hydrochloride, is being developed. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NVP-1203 compared to those of a single administration of 100 mg aceclofenac in patients with acute LBP and muscle spasms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 455 patients with acute LBP and muscle spasms were enrolled. The patients were assigned to NVP-1203 or Airtal group (aceclofenac 100 mg). The primary efficacy endpoint was the mean change in the 100 mm pain movement and resting visual analog scale (VAS) scores on treatment day 7. RESULTS: II G20210A and Beta-fibrinogen G-455A genotypes were significantly higher in the study group compared to the literature. Wild-type genotype (GG) in Factor V Leiden locus was significantly associated with low D-Dimer levels (p =0.013). The GA genotype increased the D-Dimer levels 2.55-times compared to the GG genotype (p =0.003). Moreover, the Beta-fibrinogen G-455G genotype was significantly higher in the LDH>250 group (p =0.046). CONCLUSIONS: The mean change in the 100 mm pain movement/resting VAS scores from baseline to day 7 was -49.7 ± 21.5/-41.0 ± 19.4 mm and -38.8 ± 18.9/-33.8 ± 18.0 mm for the NVP-1203 and Airtal groups, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (movement, p < 0.0001; resting, p = 0.0002). Differences in least-square (LS) mean change of the 100 mm pain movement/ resting VAS score between the two groups using the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model was -10.2/-7.4 mm, and the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval was -6.44/-4.16 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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© 2023 Verduci Editore s.r.l. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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