Evaluation of body composition using computed tomography in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Sung Soo Ahn, Byung Woo Yoo, Hyeok Chan Kwon, Juyoung Yoo, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong Beom Park, Sang Won Lee

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Background/Aims: Measures of body composition, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and skeletal muscle area (SMA), are considered important prognostic factors in chronic diseases. The association of these measures with auto-inflammatory disorders, such as anti-neutrophil cy-toplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), remains unclear. We investigated the clinical significance of VAT, SAT, and SMA in patients with AAV. Methods: Patients with AAV subjected to chest computed tomography (CT), abdominal CT, or positron emission tomography-CT on diagnosis of AAV were evaluated. Quantitative assessment of VAT, SAT, and SMA was performed at the third lumbar vertebral level and computed by summing the pixel attenuation for tissue-specific Hounsfield units in the corresponding region. Associations of VAT, SAT, and SMA with clinical and laboratory data and clinical outcome measures were evaluated. Results: Of the 117 patients, 61 (52.1%) were classif ied as having microscopic polyangiitis, 28 (23.9%) as granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and 28 (23.9%) as eo-sinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. VAT signif icantly correlated with age, weight, body mass index (BMI), and Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score, whereas SAT correlated with weight, BMI, and creatinine levels. A significant association was found between SMA and age, height, weight, BMI, and the Five-Fac-tor Score. Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that creatinine levels (odds ratio [OR], 1.346; 95% conf idence interval [CI], 1.034 to 1.753; p = 0.027) and high VAT (OR, 7.137; 95% CI, 1.343–37.946; p = 0.021) were independently associated with all-cause mortality during follow-up. Conclusions: Evaluation of VAT using CT is useful for estimating disease activity and all-cause mortality in patients with AAV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1232
Number of pages12
JournalKorean Journal of Internal Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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