The activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a key role in the wound-healing process through tissue regeneration. The extract of Euodia daniellii Hemsl. (E. daniellii), a member of the Rutaceae family, activates the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. However, the function of E. daniellii in wound healing has not yet been elucidated. We performed a migration assay to determine the wound-healing effect of E. daniellii extract in vitro using human keratinocytes and dermal fibroblast. In addition, a mouse acute wound model was used to investigate the cutaneous wound-healing effect of E. daniellii extract in vivo and confirm the potential mechanism. E. daniellii extract enhanced the migration of human keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts via the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Moreover, the E. daniellii extract increased the levels of keratin 14, PCNA, collagen I, and α-SMA, with nuclei accumulation of β-catenin in vitro. E. daniellii extract also efficiently accelerated re-epithelialization and stimulated wound healing in vivo. Furthermore, we confirmed that hesperidin, one of the components of E. daniellii, efficiently accelerated the migration of human keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts, as well as wound healing in vivo via the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Overall, E. daniellii extract and its active component, hesperidin, have potential to be used as therapeutic agents for wound healing.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry