Estrogen regulates a tissue-specific calpain in the anterior pituitary

W. Rachel Duan, Masafumi Ito, Jig Lee Eun, Pei Yu Chien, J. Larry Jameson

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6 Citations (Scopus)


A PCR-based cDNA subtraction hybridization was performed to identify the genes stimulated by estrogen in the pituitary. A novel tissue-specific calpain (nCL-2′), previously shown to be expressed mainly in the stomach, was markedly induced in the pituitary after estrogen treatment. The 5′-flanking region of the calpain nCL-2′ gene was analyzed to assess the molecular mechanism of estrogen regulation. Sequence analysis of the nCL-2′ promoter (1.9 kb) revealed a perfectly palindromic putative estrogen-response element (ERE), GGTCATGCTGACC. In transient transfection studies, the nCL-2′ promoter was highly responsive to estrogen in the presence of estrogen receptor (ER). Transcriptional activation by estrogen was prevented by an ERE mutation as well as by mutations in the ER DNA-binding domain. An ER antagonist, ICI 182780, blocked estrogen inducibility of the nCL-2′ promoter. We conclude that the nCL-2′ form of calpain is expressed in the pituitary and upregulated by estrogen at the transcription level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Malcolm Parker for providing mER cDNA, Monika Jakacka for mutant ER, and Tom Kotlar and Leah Sabacan for assistance with DNA sequencing. This work was conducted as part of the National Cooperative Program on Infertility Research and supported by NIH Grant U54-HD-29164. Rachel Duan is a recipient of NIH Fellowship Award HD-08311.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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