Enhancing Subcontractors' Participation in BIM-Based Design Coordination under a DBB Contract

Sejun Jang, Yeonsuk Jeong, Ghang Lee, Youngcheol Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This paper introduces a two-step subcontracting process for building information modeling (BIM)-based design coordination under a design-bid-build (DBB) contract. Although integrated project delivery (IPD) is known to be an ideal contractual method for BIM projects, DBB still has been the dominant contracting method, owing to the complexity of IPD, as well as regional regulations. BIM-based design coordination under DBB can effectively reduce design errors through the value engineering process. However, in practice, the cost reduction realized under DBB is minimal because, unlike under IPD, DBB contracts do not provide incentives for subcontractors to reduce costs. This study proposes that subcontracting be divided into two phases: preconstruction and construction. Only subcontractors who meet the target costs during BIM-based design coordination in the preconstruction phase win the right to work during the construction phase. From case studies, this study finds quantitative cost reductions from this change in the preconstruction process. This study also reveals the manner in which this two-phase process impacts subcontractors' attitudes toward cost-reduction efforts. These findings contribute to maximizing the efficiency of BIM-based design coordination, which will eventually contribute to more efficient delivery of construction projects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04019022
JournalJournal of Management in Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (18AUDP-B127891-02) from the Architecture & Urban Development Research Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the Korean government and by the Human Resources Program in Energy Technology of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), granted financial resources from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20174010201320).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial relations
  • Engineering(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing Subcontractors' Participation in BIM-Based Design Coordination under a DBB Contract'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this