Enhancing Mo:BiVO4 Solar Water Splitting with Patterned Au Nanospheres by Plasmon-Induced Energy Transfer

Jung Kyu Kim, Xinjian Shi, Myung Jin Jeong, Joonsuk Park, Hyun Soo Han, Suk Hyun Kim, Yu Guo, Tony F. Heinz, Shanhui Fan, Chang Lyoul Lee, Jong Hyeok Park, Xiaolin Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)


Plasmonic metal nanostructures have been extensively investigated to improve the performance of metal oxide photoanodes for photoelectrochemical (PEC) solar water splitting cells. Most of these studies have focused on the effects of those metal nanostructures on enhancing light absorption and enabling direct energy transfer via hot electrons. However, several recent studies have shown that plasmonic metal nanostructures can improve the PEC performance of metal oxide photoanodes via another mechanism known as plasmon-induced resonant energy transfer (PIRET). However, this PIRET effect has not yet been tested for the molybdenum-doped bismuth vanadium oxide (Mo:BiVO4), regarded as one of the best metal oxide photoanode candidates. Here, this study constructs a hybrid Au nanosphere/Mo:BiVO4 photoanode interwoven in a hexagonal pattern to investigate the PIRET effect on the PEC performance of Mo:BiVO4. This study finds that the Au nanosphere array not only increases light absorption of the photoanode as expected, but also improves both its charge transport and charge transfer efficiencies via PIRET, as confirmed by time-correlated single photon counting and transient absorption studies. As a result, incorporating the Au nanosphere array increases the photocurrent density of Mo:BiVO4 at 1.23 V versus RHE by ≈2.2-fold (2.83 mA cm−2).

Original languageEnglish
Article number1701765
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
J.K.K. and X.S. contributed equally to this work. J.K.K. acknowledges the support by the Yonsei University Future-leading Research Initiative of 2015 (2015-22-0067). J.H.P. acknowledges the support by the NRF of Korea Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (NRF-2016R1A2A1A05005216, 2015M1A2A2074663, 2016M3D3A1A01913254). Support for the ultrafast spectroscopy measurements was provided by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research through the MURI Center for dynamic magneto-optics under grant. no. FA9550-14-1-0040 (S.H.K) and by the AMOS program, Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division, Basic Energy Sciences, US Department of Energy under contract no. DE-AC02-76-SFO0515 (T.F.H.).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing Mo:BiVO4 Solar Water Splitting with Patterned Au Nanospheres by Plasmon-Induced Energy Transfer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this