Ultrathin atomic layer deposition (ALD) coatings were found to enhance the performance of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Previous studies have demonstrated that LiCoO2 cathode powders coated with metal oxides with thicknesses of ~100-1000 Å grown using wet chemical techniques improved LIB performance. In this study, LiCoO2 powders were coated with conformal Al2O3 ALD films with thicknesses of only ~3-4 Å established using 2 ALD cycles. The coated LiCoO2 powders exhibited a capacity retention of 89% after 120 charge-discharge cycles in the 3.3-4.5 V (vs. Li/Li+) range. In contrast, the bare LiCoO2 powders displayed only a 45% capacity retention. This dramatic improvement may result from the ultrathin Al2O3 ALD film acting to minimize Co dissolution or to reduce surface electrolyte reactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites