Recently, the inherent piezoelectric properties of the 2D transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) tin monosulfide (SnS) and tin disulfide (SnS2) have attracted much attention. Thus the piezoelectricity of these materials has been theoretically and experimentally investigated for energy-harvesting devices. However, the piezoelectric output performance of the SnS2- or SnS-based 2D thin film piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) is still relatively low, and the fabrication process is not suitable for practical applications. Here we report the formation of the SnS2/SnS heterostructure thin film for the enhanced output performance of a PENG using atomic layer deposition (ALD). The piezoelectric response of the heterostructure thin film was increased by ∼40% compared with that of the SnS2 thin film, attributed to large band offset induced by the heterojunction formation. Consequently, the output voltage and current density of the heterostructure PENG were 60 mV and 11.4 nA/cm2 at 0.6% tensile strain, respectively. In addition, thickness-controllable large-area uniform thin-film deposition via ALD ensures that the reproducible output performance is achieved and that the output density can be lithographically adjusted depending on the applications. Therefore, the SnS2/SnS heterostructure PENG fabricated in this work can be employed to develop a flexible energy-harvesting device or an attachable self-powered sensor for monitoring pulse and human body movement.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering
- General Physics and Astronomy