Enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanotubes decorated with erbium and reduced graphene oxide

Hyekyung Cho, Hyunku Joo, Hansung Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Kyoung Soo Kang, Jaekyung Yoon

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly ordered TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) decorated with erbium and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were prepared through anodization, electrochemical deposition, and/or drop-casting. The characteristics of the as-prepared photocatalysts were identified, and the photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic properties were investigated through water splitting and organic degradation. All samples (pure TNTs, Er-TNTs, rGO-TNTs, and rGO-Er-TNTs) were prepared in the anatase phase without any changes in the crystalline phase or impurities. The ternary rGO-Er-TNT photocatalyst exhibited the best performance, with an increased hydrogen evolution rate of 115.37 μmol cm-2h1, methylene blue degradation of 91.58%, and photoconversion efficiency of 2.3% (0 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode). The increased photocatalytic efficiency can be attributed to the combination of enhanced optoelectronic properties and the path for the separation of charge carriers by erbium and rGO. In this study, high-potential solar-active photocatalysts were achieved through the synergistic effect owing to the combination of Er and rGO with TiO2 nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150459
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume565
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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