Enhanced mechanical properties of ZrO2-Al2O3 dental ceramic composites by altering Al2O3 form

Ji Young Seo, Daniel Oh, Dae Joon Kim, Kwang Mahn Kim, Jae Sung Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study evaluates the difference in physical and mechanical properties of ZrO2 ceramics, commonly used in dental applications, altered by three different forms of Al2O3 content; microparticles (m), nanoparticles (n), and microfiber (f). Methods: Three different types of ZrO2–Al2O3 composites were formed using microparticle (m), nanoparticle (n), or microfibre (f) forms of Al2O3. The physical and mechanical properties such as sintering shrinkage, relative density, Vickers hardness, fracture toughness, and biaxial strength were evaluated. A Weibull analysis was performed to assess the strength reliability of the specimens. All data were calculated using the t-test and ANOVA. Results: The sintering shrinkage and relative density of all ceramic composite groups were decreased with the addition of Al2O3. The mechanical properties of ZrO2–Al2O3 (f) composite were higher than that of ZrO2–Al2O3 (m) composite and ZrO2–Al2O3 (n) composite. The maximum hardness, fracture toughness, and biaxial flexural strength were observed for 10 vol% of Al2O3 fibre. When the content of Al2O3 fibre in the matrix was increased above 20 vol%, agglomeration occurred and resulted in a decrease of hardness and toughness. The Weibull modulus value of the ZrO2–Al2O3 (f) composite was the lowest compared to that of other groups. However, characteristic strength (σ0) of ZrO2–Al2O3 (f) the highest value. Significance: The current study demonstrated that the addition of right amount of Al2O3 microfibre into the ZrO2 matrix enhanced the mechanical properties of ZrO2-Al2O3 (f) composite, which would be favourable for dental applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e117-e125
JournalDental Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Yonsei University College of Dentistry ( 6-2019-0021 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Academy of Dental Materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced mechanical properties of ZrO2-Al2O3 dental ceramic composites by altering Al2O3 form'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this