Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer using Self-Actuated Nanobimorphs

Sangwoo Shin, Geehong Choi, Bhargav Rallabandi, Donghwi Lee, Dong Il Shim, Beom Seok Kim, Kyung Min Kim, Hyung Hee Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


We present a new concept of a structured surface for enhanced boiling heat transfer that is capable of self-adapting to the local thermal conditions. An array of freestanding nanoscale bimorphs, a structure that consists of two adjoining materials with a large thermal expansion mismatch, is able to deform under local temperature change. Such a surface gradually deforms as the nucleate boiling progresses due to the increase in the wall superheat. The deformation caused by the heated surface is shown to be favorable for boiling heat transfer, leading to about 10% of increase in the critical heat flux compared to a regular nanowire surface. A recently developed theoretical model that accounts for the critical instability wavelength of the vapor film and the capillary wicking force successfully describes the critical heat flux enhancement for the nanobimorph surface with a good quantitative agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6392-6396
Number of pages5
JournalNano letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Center for Advanced Meta-Materials (CAMM) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning as Global Frontier Project (CAMM-No. NRF-2014M3A6B3063716) and the Human Resources Development Program (No. 20174030201720) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) funded by the Korean Government’s Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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