Enhanced bioactivity of Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy achieved with nanoscale MgF2 surface for vascular stent application

Lin Mao, Li Shen, Jiahui Chen, Yu Wu, Minsuk Kwak, Yao Lu, Qiong Xue, Jia Pei, Lei Zhang, Guangyin Yuan, Rong Fan, Junbo Ge, Wenjiang Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


Magnesium (Mg) alloys have revolutionized the application of temporary load-bearing implants as they meet both engineering and medical requirements. However, rapid degradation of Mg alloys under physiological conditions remains the major obstacle hindering the wider use of Mg-based implants. Here we developed a simple method of preparing a nanoscale MgF2 film on Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr (denoted as JDBM) alloy, aiming to reduce the corrosion rate as well as improve the biological response. The corrosion rate of JDBM alloy exposed to artificial plasma is reduced by ∼20% from 0.337 ± 0.021 to 0.269 ± 0.043 mm·y-1 due to the protective effect of the MgF2 film with a uniform and dense physical structure. The in vitro cytocompatibility test of MgF2-coated JDBM using human umbilical vein endothelial cells indicates enhanced viability, growth, and proliferation as compared to the naked substrate, and the MgF2 film with a nanoscale flakelike feature of ∼200-300 nm presents a much more favorable environment for endothelial cell adhesion, proliferation, and alignment. Furthermore, the animal experiment via implantation of MgF2-coated JDBM stent to rabbit abdominal aorta confirms excellent tissue compatibility of the well re-endothelialized stent with no sign of thrombogenesis and restenosis in the stented vessel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5320-5330
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 11

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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