Engineering of Extracellular Vesicles Based on Payload Changes for Tissue Regeneration

Dong Jun Park, Young Joon Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In the field of tissue regeneration and tissue engineering, many years ago, various nano to macroscopic-sized materials have been used to reduce inflammation and restore damaged tissue. Whether it is safe to study the regeneration of all tissues based on the biological mechanisms of an organism composed of cells is still debated, and studies using extracellular vesicles derived from cells have become popular in the past decade. It has been reported that exosomes with a size of 100 nm or less, which plays an important role in cell–cell communication, contain various factors, such as proliferation, anti-inflammatory, and growth factors. In addition, the payload of exosomes varies depending on the parent cell and the recipient cell, and a technology to differentiate the selective payload must treat specific diseases. In this review, we examined the current trends in research using exosomes derived from cells or tissues and analyzed various research reports on factors that can affect tissue regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-497
Number of pages13
JournalTissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Korean Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering


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