Engineered iron oxide nanoparticles to improve regenerative effects of mesenchymal stem cells

Wan Su Yun, Susmita Aryal, Ye Ji Ahn, Young Joon Seo, Jaehong Key

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) based therapies are a major field of regenerative medicine. However, the success of MSC therapy relies on the efficiency of its delivery and retention, differentiation, and secreting paracrine factors at the target sites. Recent studies show that superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) modulate the regenerative effects of MSCs. After interacting with the cell membrane of MSCs, SPIONs can enter the cells via the endocytic pathway. The physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, including size, surface charge (zeta-potential), and surface ligand, influence their interactions with MSC, such as cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, homing factors, and regenerative related factors (VEGF, TGF-β1). Therefore, in-depth knowledge of the physicochemical properties of SPIONs might be a promising lead in regenerative and anti-inflammation research using SPIONs mediated MSCs. In this review, recent research on SPIONs with MSCs and the various designs of SPIONs are examined and summarized. Graphic abstract: A graphical abstract describes important parameters in the design of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, affecting mesenchymal stem cells. These physicochemical properties are closely related to the mesenchymal stem cells to achieve improved cellular responses such as homing factors and cell uptake.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-273
Number of pages15
JournalBiomedical Engineering Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), No. 2018R1D1A1B07042339 and 2019K2A9A2A08000123.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Korean Society of Medical and Biological Engineering.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering


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