Energy-efficient control of rate and power in DS-CDMA systems

Fredrik Berggren, Seong Lyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


The quality of service in direct-sequence code-division multiple access (DS-CDMA) can be controlled by a suitable selection of processing gain and transmission powers. In this paper, distributed control of rate and power for best effort data services is considered. In particular, we elaborate on the problem of how to control the transmission rates for maximizing system throughput while simultaneously minimizing the transmission powers. We assume a practical scenario, where every user has a finite set of discrete transmission rates and propose a simple heuristic rate allocation scheme, greedy rate packing (GRP), applicable in both up and downlink. The scheme can be interpreted as a practical form of water-filling, in the sense that high transmission rates are allocated to users having high link gains and low interference. We show that under certain conditions, GRP will give maximum throughput and that it can be extended to guarantee a minimum data rate while maximizing network excess capacity. We suggest and analyze a distributed power control algorithm to control the intercell interference when GRP is applied to a multicellular system. Numerical results show that the proposed transmission scheme can significantly decrease the power levels while maintaining high throughput.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-733
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 18, 2000; revised December 3, 2001, September 9, 2002; accepted April 9, 2003. The editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication is R. Yates. The work of F. Berggren was supported by VINNOVA under Grant 18554-2.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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