Electrochemistry of Multilayer Electrodes: From the Basics to Energy Applications

Minsu Gu, Byeong Su Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ConspectusGrowing environmental concern has increased the demand for clean energy, and various technologies have been developed to utilize renewable energy sources. With the development of highly efficient energy conversion and storage systems, fundamental studies on the electrochemistry of electrodes are critical because the functionality of most of these systems relies on interfacial electrochemical reactions that occur on the surfaces of the electrodes. In this context, efficient electrode design methods are required to study specific electrochemical principles and the mechanisms of interfacial reactions on the surface of electrodes.Compared with other electrode fabrication methods, layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly is a simple, inexpensive, and versatile process for producing highly ordered multilayer thin-film electrodes from a diverse array of materials. LbL-assembled multilayer electrodes exhibit distinct electrochemical properties compared with electrodes created via other fabrication methods because of the nanoscale control of the composition and structures of electrodes afforded by LbL assembly. LbL assembly can generate unique nanoarchitectures from a multiplicity of electroactive components to investigate the detailed electrochemical mechanisms within the electrode, allowing for investigations of the internal-architecture-dependent electrochemical properties within the electrodes. As electrochemical LbL research has progressed over the last 10 years, our group has performed pioneering studies on the fundamental electrochemical properties of multilayer electrodes fabricated via LbL assembly for diverse energy applications. In this Account, we aim to outline the fundamental electrochemistry occurring at the nanoscale level on multilayer thin-film LbL electrodes using our work to illustrate these concepts, including the dependence of the electrochemistry on the thickness and architecture of multilayer electrodes, competition between mass and charge transfer, and control over the ion-permeation selectivity and interfacial dipole moments in multilayer electrodes. We anticipate that our approach to LbL-assembled electrodes will be of great interest and provide an attractive platform for the investigation of fundamental multilayer thin-film electrochemistry. We also believe that it will provide guidelines for research efforts toward future electrode engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-69
Number of pages13
JournalAccounts of Chemical Research
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 5

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry

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