Electro-fermentation is an emerging bioporcess that could regulate the metabolism of electrochemically active microorganisms. The provision of electrodes for the fermentation process that functions as an electron acceptor and supports the formation and transportation of electrons and protons, consequently producing bioelectricity and value-added chemicals. The traditional method of fermentation has several limitations in usability and economic feasibility. Subsequently, a series of metabolic processes occurring in conventional fermentation processes are most often redox misaligned. In this regard, electro-fermentation emerged as a hybrid technology which can regulate a series of metabolic processes occurring in a bioreactor by regulating the redox instabilities and boosting the overall metabolic process towards high biomass yield and enhanced product formation. The present article deals with microorganisms-electrode interactions, various types of electro-fermentation systems, comparative evaluation of pure and mixed culture electro-fermentation application, and value-added fuels and chemical synthesis.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal