Electrical spin injection and detection in semimetallic Bi and Bi-Pb films

Kyoung Il Lee, Jong Wook Roh, Joonyeon Chang, Suk Hee Han, Kyung Ho Shin, Won Yong Jeung, Mark Johnson, Wooyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The spin injection technique is extended to semimetal bismuth samples in a lateral spin valve geometry. We study spin injection, diffusion, and detection in a material system where a small change in sample stoichiometry results in a large change in the electronic and spin dependent transport properties of the nonmagnetic material. Measurements of magnetoresistance, using a magnetic field applied in the sample plane, as well as the Hanle effect, using a field applied perpendicular to the sample plane, are reported. We demonstrate two remarkable results: (i) a spin diffusion length of 230 μm (T=2 K) in a BiPb sample with temperature dependent resistivity, ρ (T), which decreases with decreasing T is the longest known value in a thin film; (ii) the interfacial spin polarization is 10% in BiPb samples with decreasing ρ (T) and an order of magnitude smaller (0.8%) in Bi samples where ρ (T) increases with decreasing T.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195201
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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