The spin injection technique is extended to semimetal bismuth samples in a lateral spin valve geometry. We study spin injection, diffusion, and detection in a material system where a small change in sample stoichiometry results in a large change in the electronic and spin dependent transport properties of the nonmagnetic material. Measurements of magnetoresistance, using a magnetic field applied in the sample plane, as well as the Hanle effect, using a field applied perpendicular to the sample plane, are reported. We demonstrate two remarkable results: (i) a spin diffusion length of 230 μm (T=2 K) in a BiPb sample with temperature dependent resistivity, ρ (T), which decreases with decreasing T is the longest known value in a thin film; (ii) the interfacial spin polarization is 10% in BiPb samples with decreasing ρ (T) and an order of magnitude smaller (0.8%) in Bi samples where ρ (T) increases with decreasing T.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 May 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics