To prescribe effective antibiotics to patients with bacterial infections in a timely manner and to avoid the misuse of antibiotics, a rapid antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) is essential. However, conventional AST methods require more than 16 h to provide results; thus, we developed an electrical AST (e-AST) system, which provides results within 6 h. The proposed e-AST is based on an array of 60 aptamer-functionalized capacitance sensors that are comparable to currently available AST panels and a pattern-matching algorithm. The performance of the e-AST was evaluated in comparison with that of broth microdilution as the reference test for clinical strains isolated from septic patients. A total of 4,554 tests using e-AST showed a categorical agreement of 97% with a minor error of 2.2%, major error of 0.38%, and very major error of 0.38%. We expect that the proposed e-AST could potentially aid antimicrobial stewardship efforts and lead to improved patient outcomes.
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