Efficient Ruddlesden–Popper Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes with Randomly Oriented Nanocrystals

Hyeon Dong Lee, Hobeom Kim, Himchan Cho, Wonhee Cha, Yongseok Hong, Young Hoon Kim, Aditya Sadhanala, Vijay Venugopalan, Joo Sung Kim, Jin Woo Choi, Chang Lyoul Lee, Dongho Kim, Hoichang Yang, Richard H. Friend, Tae Woo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)


Ruddlesden–Popper phase (RP-phase) perovskites that consist of 2D perovskite slabs interleaved with bulky organic ammonium (OA) are favorable for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The critical limitation of LED applications is that the insulating OA arranged in a preferred orientation limits charge transport. Therefore, the ideal solution is to achieve a randomly connected structure that can improve charge transport without hampering the confinement of the electron–hole pair. Here, a structurally modulated RP-phase metal halide perovskite (MHP), (PEA)2(CH3NH3)m−1PbmBr3m+1 is introduced to make the randomly oriented RP-phase unit and ensure good connection between them by applying modified nanocrystal pinning, which leads to an increase in the efficiency of perovskite LEDs (PeLEDs). The randomly connected RP-phase MHP forces contact between inorganic layers and thereby yields efficient charge transport and radiative recombination. Combined with an optimal dimensionality, (PEA)2(CH3NH3)2Pb3Br10, the structurally modulated RP-phase MHP exhibits increased photoluminescence quantum efficiency, from 0.35% to 30.3%, and their PeLEDs show a 2,018 times higher current efficiency (20.18 cd A−1) than in the 2D PeLED (0.01 cd A−1) and 673 times than in the 3D PeLED (0.03 cd A−1) using the same film formation process. This approach provides insight on how to solve the limitation of RP-phase MHP for efficient PeLEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1901225
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 4

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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